Flat feet and overpronation (rolling in of the foot and collapsing of the arch) are very common occurences in Australia. A lot of us grew up wearing no shoes or flat thongs after school and during the holidays. This has certainly contributed to the problem. However, the condition is often hereditary - i.e. one of the parents also has flat feet or fallen arches.
Flat feet, fallen arches and overpronation can be easily treated with a pair of supportive shoe inserts, also known as orthotics, or orthotic insoles.
Footlogics has a range of affordable, yet effective orthotics which support the arches and help re-align the foot and ankle.
By supporting the feet and correcting the problem of overpronation, Footlogics can help relieve and prevent common foot complaints such as Heel Pain. In addition, orthotics help improve overall body posture and may help with knee pain and lower back pain.
What exactly is over-pronation?
Over-pronation is very common and affects millions of Australians. To better understand this condition, we'll take a closer look at the 3 most common foot types. An estimated 70% of the population has fallen arches (or a low arch).
Only 20% has a normal arch. And 10% have abnormal feet, in other words they either have flat feet or the opposite - a high arched foot.
Let's have a closer look at the 3 foot types:
Flat feet - Pes Planus (5% of the population)
Flat feet indicates that no arch is present and the underside of the foot lies completely flat on the ground.
The true 'flat foot' is very rare. In fact, less than 5% of the population have flat feet with no arch present whatsoever.
It is quite normal for small children to have flat feet, however the arch usually develops as they get older. If the arch hasn't developed yet by the age of 5 or 6 the child may need children's orthotics.
High arched foot - Pes Cavus (5% of the population)
An abornormally high-arched foot is the opposite of a flat foot. This shape is much less common than flat feet or low-arched feet and can be observed in less than 5% of the population.
When standing with weight on the foot, the arch will appear higher and the ankle may be rolled outwards slightly. This is the opposite of a pronated foot. This type of foot gets referred to as Pes Cavus. The word “Pes Cavus” comes from Latin meaning "hollow foot."
A Pes Cavus is usually a hereditary condition (i.e. it runs in the family) and in rare cases there may be an underlying neurological problem. People with pes cavus frequently report foot pain and foot complaints including metatarsalgia, plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendonitis.
Pronating foot - Fallen arches (70% of the population)
Most of us have a low arch. The foot actually appears quite normal and a clear (but low) arch is present under the foot, especially when sitting down...
The situation changes with weight-bearing: when we get up the arch lowers. When we start walking the arches collapse and the ankles roll inwards. This is called over-pronation - or fallen arches. Over-pronation is not the same as flat feet as often noted.
Pronation itself is not wrong as we need to pronate and supinate as part of our gait. Pronation (rolling in) acts as a shock absorbing process and supination (rolling out) helps to propel our feet forward. Over-pronation occurs when we pronate too deep and for too long, not giving the foot a chance to 'recover' and supinate.
Excessive pronation hampers our natural walking pattern, causing an imbalance and leading to wear and tear in other parts of the body, with every step we take! Whether you have a true flat foot or suffer from over-pronation in both cases your poor walking pattern may contribute to a range of different complaints. Especially with age, poor alignment of the feet will cause very common conditions such as heel pain or knee Pain.
Over-pronation has different causes. Obesity, pregnancy, age or repetitive pounding on a hard surface can weaken the arch leading to over-pronation. Over-pronation is also very common with athletes, especially runners and most of them nowadays use orthotics inside their shoes. Over-pronation affects millions of Australians and contributes to a range of common complaints including:
• Sore, aching feet
• Ball of Foot Pain
• Heel Pain
• Achilles Tendonitis
• Shin Pain
• Tired, aching legs
• Knee Pain
• Lower Back Pain
The most effective treatment solution for over-pronation is wearing an orthotic shoe insert. Footlogics orthotics correct over-pronation, thereby providing natural, lasting pain relief from many common biomechanical complaints.